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Pvt. David Barnes, CSA

David Barnes was born in Princess Anne County, Virginia, on September 29, 1843, the second of seven children born to John Barnes and Catherine Bonney.

On March 1, 1862, when David was nineteen years old, he enlisted for the duration of the Civil War in Company G of the 16th Virginia Infantry at Tanners Creek Crossroads in what was then Norfolk County. Tanners Creek was the original name of the Lafayette River. Company G, also known as the Atlantic Guard, was a local company from Princess Anne County commanded by Capt. William E. Williams and Capt. John T. Woodhouse, later promoted to Major.

David’s muster rolls show that he was present for duty with the 16th Virginia for almost the entire war, except on two occasions. The first was on July 1, 1862, when he was wounded at Malvern Hill and sent to hospital in Richmond. The second was on February 23, 1863, when he was admitted to General Hospital No. 9 in Richmond.

The 16th Virginia was involved in almost every engagement of the Army of Northern Virginia beginning with the Seven Days in 1862 and ending with the Petersburg siege in 1864–65 and the retreat to Appomattox in April 1865. David was probably with the 16th for 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg in 1862; Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in 1863; and the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg in 1864.

In the summer of 1864, the Army of Northern Virginia lay entrenched around Petersburg, holding Grant from cutting the railroad lines and taking the city. To break the impasse, Union forces secretly dug tunnels under part of the Confederate lines and packed them with 8,000 pounds (four tons) of gunpowder. On July 30, the Federals lit the fuse. The explosion killed about 300 Confederate soldiers and created a crater roughly 170 feet long, 70 feet wide, and 30 feet deep. Union forces then attacked with a mortar and heavy artillery barrage, followed by an advance of 15,000 men—an entire army corps.

The 16th and other regiments of Mahone’s brigade were entrenched about three miles south of the Crater when they were ordered to counter attack. They formed a battle line 200 yards wide and twenty feet deep, fixed bayonets, and charged. The fighting was hand-to-hand and brutal. There is a scene in the movie “Cold Mountain” that graphically depicts the battle.

David Barnes not only survived the battle, but captured a Union Stars and Stripes during the fighting. For that achievement, he was added to the Confederate Roll of Honor.

The Army of Northern Virginia remained entrenched around Petersburg for the rest of 1864 and into the early months of 1865. On March 3, 1865, the 16th returned to the Petersburg defenses with the rest of Mahone’s division after confronting Union forces on the Boydton Plank Road. According to his military records, David deserted that same day. Perhaps he saw the handwriting on the wall. Only a month later, Lee evacuated Petersburg and began the last march of the Army of Northern Virginia to Appomattox. On March 18, two weeks after he deserted, David took the oath of allegiance and was transported to Norfolk.

David was about twenty-seven years old when he married my great-great grandmother Sarah Virginia “Jennie” Widgeon on February 28, 1870. He and Jennie lived on London Bridge Road. My mother believes the house was near the curve where the Lillian Vernon warehouse was located. London Bridge road at that time was straighter, probably continuing across Oceana Air Field from its back gate to the Lillian Vernon warehouse location.

David died on March 2, 1821 at the age of seventy-seven. His wife Jennie passed away in 1944 at the age of ninety-seven. My mother was twenty at the time and still remembers her quite well. David and Jennie were buried at London Bridge Baptist Church. When the Norfolk-Virginia Beach toll road (I-264 east) was built in the 1960s, the state took some of the cemetery property. Consequently, the Barnes family moved their graves to Forest Lawn Cemetery in Norfolk in 1966.

Pvt. David Barnes

Copyright © 2012 Donald W. Moore. All rights reserved. May not be used without written permission.

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Moore Family Charts

Click any of the links below to see a descendant chart showing children and grand-children of my Moore family ancestors.

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Moore Family Cemetery

The Moore cemetery and the surrounding farmland near the intersection at Pungo in Virginia Beach, Virginia, have been in the Moore family since at least 1789. Click here to see a cemetery map.

On the 7th of November 1789, Cason Moore wrote his will, leaving to his son Tully Moore “…that part of my estate which [he] already had in [his] possession….”[1] That part of his estate was fifty-one acres of land that Cason had given his son Tully on 20 January 1789 by deed of gift.[2]

Tully Moore did not long survive his father. Tully wrote his will on the 31st of August 1794, leaving to his wife Elizabeth “…the land whereon I now live dureing her widowhood and at the end of her widowhood I give the said land to my son William Moore….”[3] The fifty-one acres that Tully received from his father now passed to Tully’s son William Moore, my 3rd great grandfather.

By 1821, William had acquired an additional twenty-three acres of land for a total of seventy-three acres, for which he began paying taxes in that year. The land was described in the tax records as located in Pungo, four miles southeast of the court house.[4] William Moore lived a long life and did not write his will until the 12th of February 1842, leaving to “…my son James Moore the west end of my plantation…” and to “…my son William Moore the eastern end of my plantation….” [5] His two sons James and William each inherited 36.5 acres. William did not give land to his three other children Betsey, Eliza, and Andrew. [6]

James Moore, who died in 1870, passed his 36.5 acres to his son Joshua G. Moore. Joshua was alive as late as 1920, but his date of death and burial are not known, and he did not leave a recorded will. His only son Joshua Dey Moore, who was apparently not interested in farming, moved to Norfolk sometime before 1930. The farm eventually came into the possession of his sister Stella and her husband Joshua Clay James, whom she married in 1904. It was at this point that the property and the cemetery passed out of the Moore family.

There are conflicting stories about how the Moore family lost the property. What is known is that Joshua Clay James borrowed money from brothers Oscar and Simon Land and probably used the farm as collateral. When he defaulted on the loan, Oscar and Simon Land took possession of the farm. Their houses stand within site of the cemetery, and their children are the co-owners of the property to this day.

My 3rd great grandfather William Moore, who died in 1843, is the oldest known burial in the Moore family cemetery. He is also the person with the earliest birth date, 13 May 1773. Enoch Petree, who died in 1899, is the last known burial. There are twenty-six known persons buried in the cemetery, twenty-three of whom are descendants or in-laws of William Moore. They are:

his wife Elizabeth Moore
three sons Andrew Moore, William Moore, and James Moore
two daughters Eliza Petree and Elizabeth Malbone
five grandsons James E. Moore, Charles T. Moore, Cason Moore, William. H. Moore, and James M. Malbone
three great grandsons Cason Moore, Henry H. Leggett, and Jas. E. Leggett
four great granddaughters Ellen Moore, Hannah P. Moore, Ada E. Petree, and Rosia May Petree
one son-in-law Enoch Petree
two daughters-in-law Catherine (Malbone) Moore and Elizabeth (Bonney) Moore
two granddaughters-in-law Elizabeth W. (Cason) Moore and Hettie (Bouchell) Moore

There are four Confederate veterans buried in the Moore family cemetery, all of whom survived and returned to their families after the war:

James M. Malbone 2nd Lieutenant, Company B, 6th Virginia Infantry
James E. Moore Private, Company F, 16th Virginia Infantry
William H. Moore Private, Company C, 15th Virginia Cavalry
Enoch Petree Private, Company C, 15th Virginia Cavalry

[1] Cason Moore Senr will (1789), Princess Anne County Will Book 1: 168-169, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

[2] Cason Moore Senr deed (1789), Princess Anne County Deed Book 21: 80, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

[3] Tully Moore will (1794), Princess Anne County Will Book 2: 79-80, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

[4] William Moore entry (1821-1843), Princess Anne County Land Tax Book: unpaginated; in Princess Anne County Land Tax Books 1786, 1805-1807, 1809-1817 volume 1, Virginia State Library microfilm publication 263; Central Library, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

[5] William Moore will (1842), Princess Anne County Will Book 4: 274-275, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

[6] William Moore will (1842), Princess Anne County Will Book 4: 274-275, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Virginia Beach, Virginia.

Copyright © 2012 Donald W. Moore. All rights reserved. May not be used without written permission.

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Princess Anne County Families: David Barnes

My great-great grandfather David Barnes was born in Princess Anne County on September 29, 1843, the second of seven children born to John Barnes and Catherine Bonney. Their other children were two daughters, Elenora and Eliza, and four sons, Emperor, Henry, John, and Walter.

David spent his youth working on the family farm, where he was enumerated in the 1850 and 1860 census. But the Civil War was looming ever. On March 1, 1862 when David was nineteen years old, he enlisted for the duration of the war in Company G of the 16th Virginia Infantry at Tanners Creek Crossroads in what was then Norfolk County. Tanners Creek was the original name of the modern day Lafayette River. Tanners Creek Crossroad was near what is now the intersection of Little Creek, Old Ocean View, and Sewells Point roads. Company G, also known as the Atlantic Guard, was a local company from Princess Anne County commanded by Capt. William E. Williams and Capt. John T. Woodhouse, later promoted to Major.

The war was heating up in the Hampton Roads area in the months just before David enlisted. In January 1862 Gen. Burnside arrived with Federal troops at Fort Monroe and sent a force to capture Roanoke Island, North Carolina. As a result, CSA President Jefferson Davis declared martial law in a ten-mile radius around Norfolk and Portsmouth, and ordered all males between the age of eighteen and forty-five to report for duty. This is probably the reason David enlisted. Then on March 8, the Monitor and CSS Virginia fought their famous engagement in Hampton Roads harbor.

David’s muster rolls show that he was present for duty with the 16th Virginia for almost the entire war, except for two occasions. The first was on July 1, 1862, when he was wounded at Malvern Hill and sent to hospital in Richmond. The second was on February 23, 1863, when he was admitted to General Hospital No. 9 in Richmond.

The 16th Virginia was involved in almost every engagement of the Army of Northern Virginia beginning with the Seven Days in 1862 and ending with the Petersburg siege in 1864–65 and the retreat to Appomattox in April 1865. David was probably with the 16th for battles of 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg in 1862; for Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in 1863; for the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg in 1864. But David was definitely there for the Battle of the Crater.

In the summer of 1864, the Army of Northern Virginia lay entrenched around Petersburg, holding Grant from taking the city and cutting the railroad lines. To break the impasse, Union forces secretly dug tunnels under part of the Confederate lines and packed them with 8,000 pounds (four tons) of gunpowder. On July 30, the Federals lit the fuse. The explosion killed about 300 Confederate soldiers and created a crater roughly 170 feet long, 70 feet wide, and 30 feet deep—the size of a football field. Union forces then attacked with a mortar and heavy artillery barrage, followed by an advance of 15,000 men—an entire army corps.

The 16th and other regiments of Mahone’s brigade were entrenched about three miles south of the Crater when they were ordered to counter attack. Once within site of the Crater, they formed a battle line 200 yards wide and twenty feet deep, fixed bayonets, and charged. The fighting was brutal and hand-to-hand. There is a scene in the movie “Cold Mountain” that graphically depicts what it must have been like.

David Barnes not only survived the battle, but captured a Union Stars and Stripes during the fighting. For that achievement, he was added to the Confederate Roll of Honor.

The Army of Northern Virginia remained entrenched around Petersburg for the rest of 1864 and into the early months of 1865. David was probably with the 16th on March 3, 1865, when it returned to the Petersburg defenses with the rest of Mahone’s division after confronting Union forces on the Boydton Plank Road. According to his military records, David deserted that same day. Perhaps he saw the handwriting on the wall. Only a month later, Lee evacuated Petersburg and began the last march of the Army of Northern Virginia to Appomattox. On March 18, two weeks after he deserted, David took the oath of allegiance and was transported to Norfolk.

David was about twenty-seven years old when he married my great-great grandmother Sarah Virginia “Jennie” Widgeon on February 28, 1870. She was the daughter of Henry A. Widgeon and Martha Louise Petty. Three of Jennie’s brothers—Charles, Henry, and John—married three sisters—Margaret, Elizabeth, and Mary—the daughters of Andrew and Susan (Gallup) Shipp, my first cousin three times removed. Andrew was also a Confederate veteran. The local Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp 1993 (now 484) restored their graves several years ago.

David was a farmer his entire life. He and Jennie lived on London Bridge Road. My mother believes the house was near the curve where the Lillian Vernon warehouse is located today. London Bridge road at that time was straighter, probably continuing across Oceana Air Field from its back gate to the Lillian Vernon warehouse location. David and Jennie had a large family: eight sons and one daughter. All but one survived to adulthood.

David died on March 2, 1921 at the age of seventy-seven. His wife Jennie passed away in 1944 at the age of ninety-seven. My mother was twenty at the time and still remembers her quite well. David and Jennie were buried at London Bridge Baptist Church. When the Norfolk-Virginia Beach toll road (I-264 east) was built in the 1960s, the State took some of the cemetery property where they were buried. Consequently, the Barnes family moved David and Jennie in 1966 to Forest Lawn Cemetery in Norfolk.

Copyright © 2012 Donald W. Moore. All rights reserved. May not be used without written permission.

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Filed under families, Princess Anne County