“Beginning at the new inlet of Little Creeke, and so up the said Creeke to the dams between Jacob Johnson and Richard Drout, and so out of the said dams up a branch, the head of which branch lyeth between the dwelling house of William Moseley, senr. and the new dwelling house of Edward Webb, and so to run from the head of the said branch on a direct line to the dams at the head of the Eastern branch of Elizabeth river, the which dams lie between James Kemp and Thomas Ivy, and so down the said branch to the mouth of a small branch or gutt that divides the land which Mr. John Porter now lives on, from the land he formerly lived on, and so up the said small branch according to the bounds of the said plantation where the said Porter now liveth, and from thence to the great swamp, that lyeth on the East side of John Showlands, and so along the said great swamp to the North river of Corotucke, and down the said North river to the mouth of Simpsons creeke, and so up the said creeke to the head thereof, and from thence by a south line to the bounds of Carolina, and that this devision shall be, and remaine the bounds between the said two counties, which shall hereafter be, and be held, deemed and taken as and for two intire and distinct counties, each of which shall have, use and enjoy all the liberties, priviledges and advantages of any other county of this colony to all intents and purposes whatsoever, and that the uppermost of the said two counties, in which Elizabeth river and the branches thereof are included, doe retain and be ever hereafter called and known by the name of Norfolk countie, and that the other of the said two counties be called and known by the name of Princess Ann County.” April 1691 session.
William Waller Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature in the Year 1619 ([Charlottesville: Published for the Jamestown Foundation of the Commonwealth of Virginia by the University Press of Virginia, 1969), 3:95.
“There is no recorded evidence of the creation of New Norfolk County. It was formed from that portion of Elizabeth City County south of the James River.”
Charles Francis Cocke, Parish Lines, Diocese of Southern Virginia (Richmond, Va: Library of Virginia, 1979), p. 106.
David Barnes was born in Princess Anne County, Virginia, on September 29, 1843, the second of seven children born to John Barnes and Catherine Bonney.
On March 1, 1862, when David was nineteen years old, he enlisted for the duration of the Civil War in Company G of the 16th Virginia Infantry at Tanners Creek Crossroads in what was then Norfolk County. Tanners Creek was the original name of the Lafayette River. Company G, also known as the Atlantic Guard, was a local company from Princess Anne County commanded by Capt. William E. Williams and Capt. John T. Woodhouse, later promoted to Major.
David’s muster rolls show that he was present for duty with the 16th Virginia for almost the entire war, except on two occasions. The first was on July 1, 1862, when he was wounded at Malvern Hill and sent to hospital in Richmond. The second was on February 23, 1863, when he was admitted to General Hospital No. 9 in Richmond.
The 16th Virginia was involved in almost every engagement of the Army of Northern Virginia beginning with the Seven Days in 1862 and ending with the Petersburg siege in 1864–65 and the retreat to Appomattox in April 1865. David was probably with the 16th for 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg in 1862; Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in 1863; and the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg in 1864.
In the summer of 1864, the Army of Northern Virginia lay entrenched around Petersburg, holding Grant from cutting the railroad lines and taking the city. To break the impasse, Union forces secretly dug tunnels under part of the Confederate lines and packed them with 8,000 pounds (four tons) of gunpowder. On July 30, the Federals lit the fuse. The explosion killed about 300 Confederate soldiers and created a crater roughly 170 feet long, 70 feet wide, and 30 feet deep. Union forces then attacked with a mortar and heavy artillery barrage, followed by an advance of 15,000 men—an entire army corps.
The 16th and other regiments of Mahone’s brigade were entrenched about three miles south of the Crater when they were ordered to counter attack. They formed a battle line 200 yards wide and twenty feet deep, fixed bayonets, and charged. The fighting was hand-to-hand and brutal. There is a scene in the movie “Cold Mountain” that graphically depicts the battle.
David Barnes not only survived the battle, but captured a Union Stars and Stripes during the fighting. For that achievement, he was added to the Confederate Roll of Honor.
The Army of Northern Virginia remained entrenched around Petersburg for the rest of 1864 and into the early months of 1865. On March 3, 1865, the 16th returned to the Petersburg defenses with the rest of Mahone’s division after confronting Union forces on the Boydton Plank Road. According to his military records, David deserted that same day. Perhaps he saw the handwriting on the wall. Only a month later, Lee evacuated Petersburg and began the last march of the Army of Northern Virginia to Appomattox. On March 18, two weeks after he deserted, David took the oath of allegiance and was transported to Norfolk.
David was about twenty-seven years old when he married my great-great grandmother Sarah Virginia “Jennie” Widgeon on February 28, 1870. He and Jennie lived on London Bridge Road. My mother believes the house was near the curve where the Lillian Vernon warehouse was located. London Bridge road at that time was straighter, probably continuing across Oceana Air Field from its back gate to the Lillian Vernon warehouse location.
David died on March 2, 1821 at the age of seventy-seven. His wife Jennie passed away in 1944 at the age of ninety-seven. My mother was twenty at the time and still remembers her quite well. David and Jennie were buried at London Bridge Baptist Church. When the Norfolk-Virginia Beach toll road (I-264 east) was built in the 1960s, the state took some of the cemetery property. Consequently, the Barnes family moved their graves to Forest Lawn Cemetery in Norfolk in 1966.
Copyright © 2012 Donald W. Moore. All rights reserved. May not be used without written permission.
This is likely a post-Civil War photo of my first cousin three times removed, 2nd LT James M. Malbone. He was wounded on May 3, 1863, during the battle of Chancellorsville while serving with Company B of the 6th Virginia Infantry, and suffered a partial fracture of the humerus of the right arm. His military records do not indicate whether the arm was amputated as a result of this wound. The photo is reversed, so that what appears to be the left arm is actually the right. Notice that the sleeve seems to be empty. 2LT Malbone is wearing an officer’s uniform and holds his hat, which is barely visible, in his lap. The boy is unknown.
Copyright © 2012 Donald W. Moore. All rights reserved. May not be used without written permission.
What was the legal age to marry in colonial America? To buy and sell land? This question comes up often—especially in Southern research—because official birth records are difficult to locate, forcing researchers to estimate ages. However, English common law can help. See below:
“The ages of male and female are different for different purposes. A male at twelve years old may take the oath of allegiance; at fourteen is at years of discretion, and therefore may consent or disagree to marriage, may choose his guardian, and, if his discretion be actually proved, may make his testament of his personal estate; at seventeen may be an executor; and at twenty-one is at his own disposal, and may aliene his lands, goods, and chattels A female also at seven years of age may be betrothed or given in marriage; at nine is entitled to dower; at twelve is at years of maturity, and therefore may consent or disagree to marriage, and, if proved to have sufficient discretion, may bequeath her personal estate; at fourteen is at years of legal discretion, and may choose a guardian; at seventeen may be executrix; and at twenty-one may dispose of herself and her lands. So that full age in male or female is twenty-one years, which age is completed on the day preceding the anniversary of a person’s birth, who till that time is an infant, and so styled in law.”1
- Sir William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England in Four Books. Notes selected from the editions of Archibold, Christian, Coleridge, Chitty, Stewart, Kerr, and others, Barron Field’s Analysis, and Additional Notes, and a Life of the Author by George Sharswood. In Two Volumes. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1893). Vol. 1 – Books I & II. Chapter XVII.: Of Guardian and Ward; (http://oll.libertyfund.org/title/2140/198685 : accessed 2012-10-07).
Click any of the links below to see a descendant chart showing children and grand-children of my Moore family ancestors.
- Tully Moore (~1749-1797) — is my 4G grandfather.
- William Moore (1773-1843) — is my 3G grandfather. His family members comprise most of the burials in the Moore family cemetery, which is documented elsewhere on this blog.
- Andrew Moore (1802-1878) — is my 2G grandfather. Many of his descendants are buried in the Moore family cemetery.
Below are transcriptions of births, marriages, and deaths from family bibles in which some of my ancestors are listed. Click on the link to see a PDF in a separate window or tab.
Although now extinct, Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, spawned two counties (Norfolk, Princess Anne) and four cities (Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Virginia Beach) in its place. Consequently, the history of the “South Side,” the geographic area that Lower Norfolk occupied, is one of beginnings and endings. Click here for a historic timeline of Lower Norfolk and its many descendants. Not all entries are documented. Please check back again for updates.
The south Hampton Roads counties of Nansemond, Norfolk, and Princess Anne contributed several locally recruited cavalry and infantry companies that served with distinction in the Civil War. These are listed below under the regiments in which they served. Click on the links to see a graphic organization chart in which south Hampton Roads units are depicted in blue.
- Chesapeake Cavalry
- Nansemond Cavalry
- Princess Anne Cavalry
- St. Bride’s Cavalry
- “Company R” (Portsmouth)
- Independent Grays (Norfolk)
- McKenney’s Company (Norfolk)
- Nansemond Guards
- Norfolk LIght Artillery Blues
- Norfolk Light Infantry
- Norfolk Junior Volunteers
- Princess Anne Grays
- Seaboard Rifles (Princess Anne)
- Southern Guards (Norfolk)
- Woodis Rifles (Norfolk)